Collagen is the main fibrous protein of connective tissue in animals and is the most abundant protein in mammals, accounting for 25-35% of total body protein content. Collagen accounts for 1-2% of muscle tissue and 6% of strong tendinous muscles. Collagen, rich in proline and hydroxyproline, has great tensile strength, and is the main component of cartilage, ligaments, tendons, bone and skin. Along with soft keratin, it is responsible for skin strength and elasticity. There are 5 types of Collagen: Type I, found in the skin, tendon, vascular, ligature, organs, bone. Type II found in cartilage, Type III found in reticulate fibers, Type IV which forms basis of cell basement membrane and the type V, found in tissues containing type I
Collagen comes essentially from animal sources, such as beef, pork, fish, jellyfish, or Sea cucumbers. Unlike bovine collagen, however, marine collagen is almost exclusively type 1 collagen, and the peptide molecules are smaller in size, making them slightly more bioavailable and absorbable.
But is the hype really that promising, as most of the cosmetic industry won’t use animal products?
The answer is YES, as science has discovered a way to make vegan collagen. Instead of being sourced from animals, collagen LIKE can now be made by using genetically modified yeast, bacteria and micro algae. You can add a sequence on the genetic structure of the microbes or the micro algae and once the genes are in place, the yeast, bacteria or micro algae then start to produce building blocks of human collagen.
Using yeast, bacteria and micro algae to produce collagen is cost effective and highly scalable in a lab environment. While the biggest benefit is that no animals are harmed, there are other pros to vegan collagen, especially for folks who may have allergies as there are some concern over the risk of transmission of illness through mammals sourced collagen.
If science is still building around these applications, the promises around supplements are becoming real. In France, Ghislaine Tissot the CEO from Alganelle is leading the way. If vegan collagen isn’t easily accessible, you can turn to Sea Cucumber collagen from Marine Essence Biosciences (USA – CA) which is also actively contributing to sea cucumber repopulation as one harvested sea cucumber is compensated by 3 juveniles back in nature.
The race for collagen and youth for ever is definitively ON and ocean's resources will allow to dig into these potentialities.
Join us to participate to the blue revolution and act to preserve our marine environment. Sign up HERE